Print this page
Monday, 25 February 2019 09:34

109 Broad Street

Written by

 

Martin Campbell, the first owner of 109 Broad Street was one of many Scottish immigrants to settle in Carolina and Georgia. He entered into a partnership with another Irishman, Francis McCartan; their trading firm, McCartan and Campbell, was located in Augusta, Georgia. Augusta, situated on the Savannah River, was founded by General Oglethorpe in 1736 and soon became an important trading post, especially for deer skins, with the Native Americans. Charleston was the port where the deer skins and other commodities were shipped to England. Campbell married his partner McCartan’s sister, Mary, and their son, McCartan Campbell and his wife, Sarah, lived in Augusta. McCartan Campbell inherited the Charleston property at the death of his father, and in 1784 Campbell sold 109 Broad Street to William Price, a Charleston merchant.

109 Broad is a wooden single house, one room wide, two rooms deep with a low hipped roof. The piazza was probably added several years after the house was completed since piazzas came into style around 1790; the piazza is usually located on the west or south side of a single house to catch the prevailing breezes. The piazza columns are slender and referred to as “colonettes”. The false door to the first floor piazza has a pediment with dental molding. The exterior shutters on the first floor are solid, an early means for protection from thieves in the night, while those on the second and third floor are louvered or slatted so that ventilation is not cut off when these shutters are closed.

109 Broad Street, with its quiet dignity, has overcome several Charleston disasters including the fire of 1861 and the earthquake of 1886. This house also withstood the threat of demolition in 1962 when the property was considered for a development project. Fortunately, the Preservation Society of Charleston was able to save the property. 109 Broad is definitely a survivor!

Next week we will continue to explore Charleston history through her places and people.

 

Amelia Whaley

Amelia ("Mimi") Whaley

Mimi was born in Charleston and grew up on nearby Edisto Island, one of several sea islands settled by planters due to their close proximity to Charleston. In addition to the Whaleys, Seabrooks, Mikells and Baynards, Mimi is also a direct descendant of Paul Grimball, the recipient of an English land grant of over 1,000 acres on Edisto in 1683; he and his family were the first documented white settlers on Edisto. In Charleston and the Lowcountry, it’s common to hear, "Everyone around here is related; it's just whether or not you claim each other…"

Mimi enjoys sharing the history of Charleston and the Lowcountry. A licensed tour guide, she leads historic Charleston walking tours Wednesdays through Sundays at 9:30 a.m. and 1:30 p.m., leaving from Washington Park in the heart of the old city. Reservations are required for these Charleston walking tours which last approximately 2 hours and end in the vicinity of the Charleston Market. Private tours are also available.

Mimi is also an award-winning Charleston artist working in watercolor, oil, acrylic and mixed media. “I’m so fortunate to live in this area and share this special city through touring, writing, talking and painting – all the things I love to do!”